Physical Evidence

Photos of evidence around the Confederate Bridge Site

The photo below was taken from Broad River Road (West side of river) just before today's bridge

The next photo is taken about 100 feet down this road and looking back up to Broad River Road.

This is the point where the road curves to the left (as seen in the next photo) and drops down. You can see this road is nicely cleared. Probably kept that way by local fishermen and also maybe because the road is very old and compacted to the point where not much can grow in it. In the photo, you can see some very old gravel still in the road bed.

At this same point, there is a level area and straight ahead (facing the river) is a ledge with a steep drop. Seemed like a great place for a bridge and I was lined up with those other points (east abutment, embankment rocks, and river hooks). After taking GPS readings of this point and checking this with GIS data, I determined that the elevation of this point (top of bridge) is 164'. This is exactly the same as the Castle Road abutment. Below is a photo taken directly across the river on today's canal embankment where the Three Rivers Greenway access from the Broad River Bridge comes down to the canal embankment sidewalk. This shows a large set of old abutment/pier type stones. Using GPS and GIS again, the top of the stones are at exactly 164'.

Back on the east side of the river, the next photo is a view from the bridge-top looking out straight across the river.

The next photo shows what looks like a cut stone that is at the top of this possible bridge abutment.

I then went to the area below the suspected bridge-top and snapped the next picture. This is very similar to the abutment at our site with odd shaped cut/blasted granite almost entirely hidden by ivy. My camera and photography skills do not capture the scene well but those are all stones under the ivy and I believe this is the east abutment.

What also fits about the site is that the road continues down where a ferry or pontoon crossing may have been possible. The 1870 survey shows a separate ferry road and itís about 380 feet above the bridge. My estimation of the distance between the burned bridge and the pontoon bridge (from William Waudís 1865 illustration) seemed to be about 100 yards which could fall within the area where this old road traveled. 380 feet, however, would require crossing a creek but this creek is not shown in any map I've seen from the 1800s so it may have been created during 20th century development of the area. The following shows an exposed sewer pipe that crosses this creek. This sewer line was installed just prior to the development of the nearby apartments. This development may have created the run-off that formed this creek and what, eventually, exposed the pipe. Again, the main point is to show that this creek was probably not here in 1865 and that the old road may have continued on up to where the ferry is shown in the 1870 survey.

The following picture (taken looking downstream to the south) shows an aerial view with the bridge crossing shown in blue. This is based on the site evidence which agrees with the relative position of the bridge to the canal lock as measured in both the 1867 and 1870 surveys. Notice the yellow dots which show locations of the anchor hooks (shown in following photos).

Below are photos of the possible remains of the east side abutment and also photos of the iron anchor hooks that are found in the river on each side of where the bridge would have crossed.